The Papuaan Task Force of UGM Suggests a Reinstrumentation of Special Autonomy for Papua – The Papuan Task Force of Gadjah Mada University (GTP-UGM) proposed a reinstrumentation of Papua Special Autonomy (Otsus). Reinstrumentation or details of the new design of Papuan Otsus is considered important in the midst of Papua’s complicated and special problems.

This was stated directly by the Chairman of the Papuan Task Force of UGM, Bambang Purwoko, in the DPR RI General Hearing Meeting regarding the second amendment to Law Number 21 of 2001 on Special Autonomy of the Papua Province on Thursday 3 June 2021.

There are three important things conveyed in the framework of the proposed reinstrumentation of the Papua Special Autonomy Law. First, expanding the reach of Papua’s special autonomy to the district/city level. This improvement is important to answer the special autonomy problem which is still general in nature. This is considered important to ensure that the existence of special autonomy can be felt by the community untill the village level.

Second, the regulation of the use of special autonomy funds in order for the people of Papua can enjoy. The method, the funds is distributed directly to indigenous Papuans in the form of the Special Autonomy Fund Card.

“This card can only be used by OAP for spending on education, health, food needs, and housing building materials,” said Bambang in a release received on Thursday (3/5).

Regarding the regulation of financial aspects, Bambang emphasized that the Special Autonomy Law should also regulate the use of Village Funds and Ministry/Institutional Expenditures that can be carried out in a synergistic and coordinated manner to fulfill the basic needs of the community.

Third, regulations governing the devision of Papua, both provincial and district/city must be made more specific. The devision must be projected as a strategy for accelerating development, improving public services, redistribution of social welfare, glorifying customs, and elevating the dignity of OAP.

“The formation of new autonomous regions must also be followed by the affirmation of the Perdasus to ensure the recognition, protection, affirmation, and acceleration of OAP,” said Bambang.

Bambang also emphasized the importance of serious monitoring at various levels, both systemic, managerial, and technical-operational so that the revision of the Special Autonomy Law for Papua can bring benefits for the Papuan progress. The Minimalist Achievement of Otsus Papua The proposal for reinstrumentation of the Special Autonomy Law for Papua is inseparable from a pile of Papuan problems so far.

Papua special autonomy which has been running for 20 years is considered to still leave a pile of limitations. In the political field, for example, policies regarding regional symbols and cultural symbols have not yet been implemented, the formation of political parties, the establishment of a human rights court, the establishment of a TRC, and the recognition of traditional courts.

“In the field of government, Otsus does not fully give special authority. Many other policies weaken or even contradict the Papua Special Autonomy Law. Otsus also only gives authority to provinces, not districts/cities,” he explained.

Then, in the security sector, Bambang said that Papua is still enveloped in conflicts that have never been completely resolved. The number of cases of violence in Papua has even continued to increase in recent times.

Meanwhile, in the economic sector, he continued, OAP’s opportunity to get a job and access to economic resources was lost because of the position was taken by a newcomer. This condition is also exacerbated by a number of regional financial problems, namely the dependence on special autonomy funds and the bad management of local finance.

On that occasion, Bambang also emphasized the importance of special instruments to overcome the complicated and special problems of Papua. Accomplishing of the Papua Special Autonomy Law is very urgent as a solution for the Papua problem.

“This is also important to be interpreted as an effort to bring together national and regional agendas with the spirit of change and improvement at the individual level and the implementing agents,” he said.

Bambang also emphasized the importance of improving the Papua Special Autonomy Law, which can touch and resolve basic problems that have been considered as the source of the problem. For example, it is regarding the unclear boundaries of authority between levels of government and the completion of recognition, protection, affirmation, and acceleration policies.

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