Government Takes Two Approaches to Develop Papua Land – The three-year administration of President Joko Widodo and Vice President Ma’ruf Amin has laid down two models of approach in an effort to develop Papua. The first is the infrastructure approach, and the second is the human resources approach.

Both approaches are expected to be the basis for sustainable development on Earth of Cendawasih.

This was emphasized by Deputy V for Security and Human Rights at the Presidential Staff Office, Jaleswari Pramodhawardani in Jakarta, Friday (21/10/2022).

Jaleswari hopes that the regional government in Papua will follow up on the foundation that has been built by continuing to get closer and build a two-way communication pattern with communities scattered throughout the Earth of Cendrawasih.

“Besides, the most important thing is how public services and the fulfillment of people’s rights continue to be put forward,” he said.

In every opportunity, President Joko Widodo has always emphasized that the current national development paradigm is not Java- or Sumatra-centric, but must be Indonesia-centric. Since the beginning of his administration, the Head of State has been committed to building an Indonesia-centric starting from the land of Papua.

“Mr. President has visited Papua 15 times. That’s important because the Head of State sees it based on data and facts,” said Jaleswari.

The infrastructure approach is carried out from the most basic, from education to health services. Therefore, Jaleswari said, since the beginning of the first to second term of President Jokowi’s administration together with Vice President Ma’ruf Amin, the commitment to bring social justice to all Indonesian people, including Papua and West Papua, has been maintained.

“This commitment is not just rhetoric, but he presented it through a Presidential Instruction (Inpres) to accelerate the development of the welfare of Papua and West Papua, so it’s not just a commitment to visit there which has been there 15 times, but through the issuance of regulations that support it,” said Jaleswari.

These regulations are all contained in the national mid-term development plan, even specifically for Papua, it is a national priority program.

“The regulations include Presidential Instruction No. 9 of 2020, which was originally Presidential Instruction No. 9/2017. With Presidential Instruction 9/2020, there are now 43 KL that must participate in accelerating welfare development in Papua and West Papua,” Jaleswari continued.

The government’s commitment to development in Papua is not only about ensuring the availability of infrastructure, but also ensuring the strengthening of human resources (HR).

“The President always says, we don’t just approach security, but approach welfare. How can the indigenous Papuans with their affirmative policies get the fulfillment of rights that so far may not have been optimal, including the cultural approach, “explained Jaleswari.

According to Jaleswari, the government ensures that human resource development must not only be fulfilled regarding the right to education, health and so on, but also sustainable assistance, in addition to budget allocations that must be right on target.

“We all know how the decision to implement the National Sports Week [PON] in Papua until the one-price fuel oil policy can be successfully realized over there, it is proof that if the commitments carried out by President Joko Widodo’s government are carried out optimally, it is not impossible for Indonesia’s national development to be realized,” he concluded. .

On the same occasion, the Deputy for Government Policy Support and National Insight of the Secretariat of the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia, Velix Wanggai, also emphasized that the government has laid the foundation for development in Papua, even for the next 20 years.

“The President and Vice President have laid the foundation for Papua going forward. This means that in the last eight years, that foundation has become important for us Papuans. This policy will be called the master plan for the acceleration of Papua’s development from 2022 to 2041,” said Velix.

The specialty of the regulation, he said, would be a reference in the formulation of the national mid-term development plan and the regional medium-term development plan. There are targets that must be met by the relevant stakeholders.

“A master plan that serves as a guide for all of us. Both in ministries, agencies, provincial, district and city governments,” said Velix.

He continued that the government’s policy of increasing the special autonomy fund by 2.25 percent from the ceiling of the national general allocation fund would make many positive changes in Papua.

The existence of such a disbursement of the budget, he said, would be a strong reason to strengthen communication between the central government and all regional governments in Papua, in order to encourage the acceleration of development in various fields.

“Being part of facilitating synchronization by means of the budget and coordination between the central and local governments,” said Velix.

From the regional autonomy policy, the government has proven that public services are getting closer to the community. This facility will have an impact on Papua’s economic growth. “All circles of society can be fulfilled by public services organized by the government,” added Velix.

In terms of culture, the government is also said to have used an approach based on local wisdom and customs. “It has the context of local wisdom and customs that are used to dissect the basic problems that exist in Papua,” concluded Velix.

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