General Description on a Province of Papua Pegunungan – A Papua Pegunungan Province is a new autonomous region (DOB) on the island of Papua, Indonesia. The capital city of Papua Pegunungan Province is Jayawijaya located in the Central Mountains area.

The Papua Pegunungan Province is the result of the division of the Papua Province which was established after the House of Representatives (DPR) ratified three bills (RUU) for the establishment of three New Autonomous Regions (DOB) provinces in Papua on Thursday 30 June 2022.

Papua Pegunungan Province encompasses the administrative areas of Jayawijaya Regency, Bintang Mountains Regency, Yahukimo Regency, Tolikara Regency, Central Mamberamo Regency, Yalimo Regency, Lanny Jaya Regency, and Nduga Regency.

The area of ​​Papua Pegunungan Province is 108,476 square kilometers. The boundaries of the Papua Pegunungan Province are: North: Mamberamo Raya, Sarmi, Jayapura, and Keerom Regencies. East: The State of Papua New Guinea. South: Boven Digoel Regency and Asmat Regency. West: Puncak Jaya Regency, Puncak Regency, and Mimika Regency. Because the Papua Mountains Province is surrounded by land and does not have a sea area, it is called a landlocked area.

The province of South Papua includes the La Pago customary area which consists of regencies in the central mountainous region of the east side. The La Pago area is inhabited by several tribes such as Dani, Dem, Ndugwa, Ngalik, Ngalum, Nimbora, Pesekhem, Pyu, Una, Uria, Himanggona, Karfasia, Korapan, Kupel, Timorini, Wanam, Biksi, Momuna, Murop, Sela Sarmi.

Other tribes living in the La Pago area are the Nayak tribe who occupy the area in the Baliem Valley around Wamena City towards Mount Trikora, and the Nduga tribe which occupies the southern central mountains. As an area located in a mountainous area, the La Pago area has several prime commodities such as coffee, sweet potatoes, red fruit, onions, agarwood, rubber, pineapple, oranges and highland vegetables. In the tourism sector, the La Pago area offers natural attractions such as views of various types of ecosystems, diversity of flora and fauna.

There are also cultural tours such as residential architecture, tribal dances, traditional ceremonies, and ethnobotany, namely local cultural wisdom in utilizing plants. One of the mainstays of the tourism sector from this traditional area is the Baliem Valley Festival and Jayawijaya Peak. Traditional clothing and houses in the Papuan Mountains Province. In this area, there are still many indigenous people who wear “koteka” made of yellow kunden.

Meanwhile, women wear “wah” clothes made of grass or fiber. The place where they live is generally in the form of a traditional house, namely “honai-honai” which is a hut with thatched or thatched roofs.

Meanwhile, major religious ceremonies are still carried out even though they have accepted Christianity. However, there are still many of the ceremonies they carry out with the old culture of rekkasi accompanied by songs, dances and offerings to their ancestors.

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