goodmorningpapua.com – Indonesia is known as a plural country, since it consists of various cultures, customs, ethnicities, tribes, and languages. Indonesia’s geographical teritory is also very large, consisting of tens of thousands of islands with a population of 270.6 million people. This has become its own uniqueness for Indonesia which certainly brings either positive or negative impacts.
With the existence of the diversity, conflict sometimes occurs. This happens because of the passion of ethno-nationalism. This spirit is one of the reasons why the government must give specialization to several regions around Indonesia. In addition, another reason for giving specialization is to pay attention the development, so that the government doe not seem Java-centric, but Indonesia-centric instead.
Some areas that are given specialization in the form of special autonomy (otsus) are Papua, West Papua, Aceh, the Special Region of Yogyakarta, and DKI Jakarta as the nation’s capital. Papua has been the government’s concern in terms of granting special autonomy since 2001 through Law No. 21 of 2001 on Special Autonomy for the Papua Province.
The Special Autonomy Law for Papua and West Papua is one of the approaches taken by the central government for improving the welfare of the Papuan people. In general, special autonomy is given to Papua to reduce the gap or the unequity that occurs between Papua and other regions in Indonesia.
The basic thing contained in the law is the regulation of authority between the central government and the Papuan government. The application of this authority is also carried out with specificity, recognition, and respect for the basic rights of indigenous Papuans. Besides, the strategic and fundamental empowerment is also regulated to realize the good governance. The people also participate in planning, implementing, and supervising the administration of government. The implementation of development must be conducted through the participation of people’s representatives in the representative council.
Based on the explanation above, the special autonomy for Papua is given as a form of realizing justice, enforcing the rule of law, accelerating development, and increasing welfare. The most important thing is respect for human rights in the context of equality for the gaps that occur.
This law places the Papuan people as the main subject. In addition, Otsus also contains the spirit to resolve various problems in the past with the aim of maintaining Indonesia’s sovereignty.
Calibration means returning the compass direction to zero. If it is in the context of a policy, then the policy must be reconstructed. Policies are adapted to strategic developments. So, policies are not only revised, but rearranged in order to respond to current threats, challenges, obstacles, and disturbances.
If a policy is not calibrated, then the policy becomes irrelevant for implementation. Policy calibration is carried out to reorganize the concept of development in Indonesia so that it can adapt to the disruption of the dynamics of strategic environmental development.
Calibration can be done by paying attention to several things. Such as the management of funds that must be audited every year. The expansion of the province being adjusted to the needs of the community and development interests. Improving health and education facilities for the Papuan people. Improving of welfare in accordance with national standards. Infrastructure development in accordance with its designation.