goodmorningpapua.com – The Papuan mountains lie in the middle of almost the entire length of the island of Papua. It is about 600 kilometers long, stretching from the west of Lake Paniai to the border with Papua New Guinea.
The width of the Papuan mountains ranges from 100 to 150 kilometers. It is at an altitude of 1,400 to 2,500 MDPL that most of Papua’s mountainous population lives.
This broad mountain range has a very important valley. Because, it is over there the Papuan mountainous people live.
Papuan mountain communities, especially in the Baliem Valley, are known to be very reliable in farming on steep downhills. Some have land with a slope of up to 50 degrees.
The densest population at the mountains of Papua is the Mee tribe in the Paniai area. Another one is the Dani tribe in the Baliem Valley.
The first humans reaching the mountains of Papua probably had arrived about 35,000 years ago. They are a small group of hunters and gatherers who are able to survive in a cold environment that is very different from the hot and humid coastal environment.
Around 7,000 years ago, it was estimated that Papuan mountain people had begun to recognize the method of draining water on land for farming. Bananas and taro in the Baliem Valley are the main commodities.
Since 300 years ago, the sweet potato plant (Ipomea batatas), made the population of the Papuan mountain population increase due to the abundance of food supplies compared to the results obtained from the taro plant.
Sweet potatoes also seem to be very popular with pigs in the mountains of Papua. Thus, it encourages efforts to breed pigs in the large numbers.
Airplanes are the only access to the mountainous region of Papua. The high cost of air transportation makes the price of goods in the mountains of Papua very expensive.
The main tribes in the mountains of Papua are based on the languages they speak. There is a Mee Tribe around Lake Paniai.
Then the Wodani tribe, they settled on the western side of the Papuan mountains, about 40 kilometers north of Lake Paniai. The Moni tribe, they settled in the eastern region of the Mee Tribe.
Most of these tribes are on the northern side of the mountains, but there are also a number of settlements in the southern part of the mountains. The Amungme tribe live both on the north and south sides of the mountain range that marks the southern boundary of the Papuan mountains.
Those on the northern side of the Papuan mountains are called Damal and relatives on the southern side are called Amungme. The Lani tribe live in an area that stretches from the east bordering the northern side of the Baliem Valley to the broad plains towards the Ilaga Valley in the west from the Pyramids to the north to Bokondini, then in the southwest to the Toli Valley, including the Yamo and Ila rivers.