goodmorningpapua.com – The National Alliance of Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago (AMAN) held a Congress of Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago (KMAN) VI for a week, October 24-30, 2022. In this event, 32 resolutions of KMAN VI 2022 were resulted. The congress was closed by the Chairperson of the KMAN VI Committee who is also the Regent of Jayapura Mathius Awoitauw.
The Secretary General (Secretary General) of the elected National AMAN Rukka Sombolinggi said that Indonesia had just gone through an economic and social crisis after the Covid-19 pandemic. The crisis conditions predicted by the Indonesian government were not experienced by Indigenous Peoples in the face of the global pandemic.
This confirms that what the Indigenous Peoples have been fighting for is a necessity. Indigenous Peoples and their customary territories, which still survive as the center of food production and barns, have been proven to be able to save their Indigenous Peoples. It even saves the nation and state from the threat of current and future food crises.
Indigenous peoples not only have the ability to fulfill their food independently, but are able to share it with other communities, even to cities in this archipelago to fellow nationals.
Furthermore, Rukka said, denial and violence after violence against Indigenous Peoples, criminalization of cultivators to neglect are still too often shown by various policies, both at the regional and central levels. The presence of the state is actually a threat to the survival of the Indigenous Peoples’ life.
Here are 32 resolutions of KMAN VI in Tanah Tabi:
1. Indigenous Peoples appreciate the recognition of traditional forest which was declaratively conveyed by the President of the Republic of Indonesia for the first time on December 30, 2016 at the State Palace. However, the determination of the traditional forest has not been followed by a total and comprehensive restoration effort through the mobilization of the state bureaucracy and administration from the national, regional and village levels throughout Indonesia. We urge the state to take concrete action on the ground comprehensively and widely.
2. Since Indonesia’s independence, Indigenous Peoples in the Archipelago are historical and factual pillars of the existence and sustainability of the Indonesian state, but have not yet enjoyed their rights, even Indigenous Peoples experience impoverishment, neglect, eviction, and criminalization are still continuously experienced by Indigenous Peoples which should be human rights for Indigenous Peoples must be met by state officials.
3. We urge the ratification of the Indigenous Peoples Bill as one of the laws and regulations that protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples. We affirm and demand that the contents of the Law on Indigenous Peoples must be in accordance with the spirit of respect, recognition, protection and fulfillment of the rights of Indigenous Peoples.
4. The position of Indigenous Peoples in various regions has been recognized by the government through the stipulation of various regional legal products. Therefore, we urge local governments to map out the rights of the customary territories of the Indigenous Peoples, and to ratify them in regulations at the district/city and provincial levels.
5. Governmental policy in the field of bureaucratic reform is a solution that will determine the implementation of a clean and authoritative government, therefore the Sixth Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago Congress (KMAN VI) emphasizes the need for apparatus reform and bureaucratic reform at the provincial and district levels to be implemented immediately, so that national policies, especially the president’s political policies, can be implemented properly.
6. We urge the Government of the Republic of Indonesia to IMMEDIATELY revoke laws and regulations that have the potential to threaten the rights of the Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago, even some of our laws and regulations have been declared unconstitutional such as the Job Creation Act.
7. Developments so far in various parts of Indonesia are growing rapidly using land belonging to Indigenous Peoples. Therefore, we call on the government to formulate technical policies that take sides and facilitate the process of recognizing the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.
8. We urge the Government to immediately affirm the identity of Indigenous Peoples who are different from royal and sultanate entities through a clear regulation.
9. We urge the Government to provide protection to the identity and cultural heritage of Indigenous Peoples including cultural sites, traditional houses, traditional games, traditional knowledge, and others.
10. We urge the Government to provide protection and recognition to the traditional government system, traditional justice system, and other traditional rules.
11. We urge the government to ensure and provide protection for vulnerable groups within Indigenous Peoples Communities (such as: women, children, the elderly, and persons with disabilities).
12. We urge the Government to be obliged to allocate a budget that is specifically intended to support various initiatives of Indigenous Peoples’ communities.
13. We urge the government and the business world to ensure that infrastructure development in the regions must pay attention to and protect local culture and wisdom and that corporations in Indonesia must prioritize the principle of Free Prior Informed Consent (FPIC), protect and respect the rights of Indigenous Peoples in each region. the custom.
14. Indigenous Peoples firmly reject unilateral state control over carbon trading, and ensure that global initiatives related to direct funding for Indigenous Peoples can be directly accessed by Indigenous Peoples’ communities and organizations.
15. We urge the Government to stop all forms of criminalization, violence, intimidation, and human rights violations against Indigenous Peoples who defend their lands, territories and resources, and We also urge the government, POLRI, and TNI to remain neutral in dealing with conflicts in these areas. customs, and immediately change the repressive approach to Indigenous Peoples with a dialogical approach that puts forward the principles of Human Rights and respect for the diversity of legal systems that live in Indigenous Peoples.
16. We urge the TNI/POLRI to stop all acts of armed violence all over Papua and the archipelago.
17. We urge the Government to ensure that MSME programs developed in customary areas involve and provide benefits to local Indigenous Peoples.
18. We urge the Government to ensure the implementation of laws and regulations related to the empowerment of Indigenous Peoples, including Law Number 5/2017 concerning Cultural Advancement, Law Number 7/2007 concerning Coastal and Small Islands, Law 32/2009 concerning Environmental Protection and Management, Permendagri Number 52/2014 concerning Guidelines for Recognition and Protection of Indigenous Peoples, and others.
19. We urge the Government to provide full freedom to Indigenous Peoples to run and develop an education system that is in accordance with the cultural customs of their indigenous communities.
20. We urge the Government to regulate tourism development in customary areas by respecting the prevailing customary and cultural systems with the knowledge and consent of indigenous communities.
21. We urge the Government to immediately establish an Indigenous Peoples Task Force that will build a conflict resolution system, formulate and implement remedies for Indigenous Peoples who have become victims of human rights violations, and compile studies on the harmonization of laws and regulations governing Indigenous Peoples and the implications for the fulfillment of their rights.
22. We urge the relevant Ministries/Agencies to revoke all company business licenses and all permits for social forestry schemes (HKM, HTR, HD, Partnership Forests) that enter customary areas EXCEPT TRADITIONAL FOREST.
23. The government has recognized the existence of ancestral religion in the life of the Indonesian people, therefore we urge the government to ratify the ancestral religion and regulate it in a regulation of the Director General of the Ministry of Religion which regulates related to Ancestral Religion.
24. On the occasion of the Sixth Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago Congress, we received reports from various Indigenous Peoples of the Archipelago and in particular from the Indigenous Peoples Community in Papua that there have been various activities of logging and gold mining, illegal fishing in various areas. Forests and seas belonging to Indigenous Peoples are guarded by unscrupulous state officials and have an impact on the destruction of forests, seas, land and the natural environment. We call on the parties involved to immediately stop the exploitation of natural resources in an irresponsible way. We urge the government to immediately take decisive action to stop various illegal activities on our customary assets without going through legal business procedures.
25. Indigenous Peoples have not been provided optimal roles and support in development, through this Congress we call for the government to provide opportunities and real support and assistance for the role of the community and in development as actors of good governance. governance) in particular the role of Indigenous Peoples. We urge the government to respect, to honor and to protect the rights of Indigenous Peoples in determining IKN and IMMEDIATELY stop the eviction of Indigenous Peoples’ lands and ancestral graves, traditional sites and cultural heritage in the development of IKN infrastructure.
26. We urge the state to resolve all forms of human rights violations against Indigenous Peoples, and establish human rights courts in all provinces in Indonesia.
27. We urge local governments together with Indigenous Peoples to play a role in structuring the rights of Indigenous Peoples and stipulate them in regulations at the district/city and provincial levels.
28. We urge the government to involve indigenous women in the national level discussion space regarding the collective rights and guarantees of indigenous women and incorporate the collective knowledge possessed by indigenous women into the education curriculum.
29. Urging the government to pay special attention to the prevention of HIV/AIDS recovery in Indigenous Peoples.
30. We Indigenous Peoples refuse to unilaterally determine the claim of State Forest Areas in traditional areas and IMMEDIATELY implement Constitutional Court Decision 35/PUU-X/2012.
31. We urge the Central Government to immediately protect groups of the Endangered Indigenous Peoples.